Fabric Manufacturing

What is Linen Fabric? Everything You Need to Know About It

What is Linen Fabric Everything You Need to Know About It

Are you aware that linen is a natural fiber? What is Linen fabric? Do you know how linen fabrics produce?
If you answered “No” to any of these questions, you’re in the right place. In this article, we discuss linen and explain everything you need to know about linen fabric.

What is Linen Fabric?

Linen fabric is made from a stalk of cellulosic flax fiber. It is also known as flax fabric.  It is far stronger, absorbent, dries faster, and more lustrous than cotton. But it yields cool, absorbent fabrics that wrinkle easily. Thanks to these properties, this linen-made fabric is comfortable to wear in hot and humid weather.

It could have a good texture, coolness, and good wrinkle resistance by producing other fiber blends. Linen fabrics are predominantly used for homeware applications and many other textile and apparel products.

Top Linen Fabric Producing Country:

  •   China
  •   Italy
  •  Belgium
  •  United State of America
  •  Canada Russia
  •  Ukraine
  • France
  • Algeria
  • Germany
  • UK (Ireland, Scotland, England) 

Types of Linen Fabric

  1.  Damask linen
  2.  Plain-woven linen
  3.  Loosely-woven linen
  4.  Sheeting linen

What is linen fabric made of?

Flax Fiber and Linen Fabric
Flax Fiber and Linen Fabric

Linen fabric is made from bast fibers of the stem of flax plants (Linum usitatissimum). It’s the oldest known cultivated natural fiber in human history. The linen manufacturing process is as follows:

Linen Fabric Manufacturing Process

  1. Planting: Flax Plans will be ready for harvesting after approximately 100 days of plant growth. It has been painted in the cooler part of the year to avoid the death of flax plants.
  2. Growth: Nowadays, flax seeds are sown with machines. Herbicides are used to prevent reducing yields in flax crops.
  3. Harvesting: Once flax stems are yellow and seeds are brown, then plants are able to harvest. While it’s possible to reap flax by hand, machines are usually used for this process.
  4.  Fiber Separation: After flax stalks are harvested, it’s processed through a machine which can remove leaves and seeds.
  5. Breaking: Next, the decomposed stalks are broken up. It separated the unusable outer fibers of stalks from its usable inner fibers.
  6. Combing: Now inner fibers are separated from the other fibers. It could be combed into thin strands. Once the fibers have been combed, they’re going to be ready for spinning.
  7. Spinning: To spin flax fibers, these shorts and combed fibers are connected with devices called spreaders and rovings. Then it’s ready to be spun.
  8. Reeling: After being spun on a spinning machine, the output yarn is reeled onto a bobbin.
  9. Drying: Lastly, the flax manufacturer dries the finish of the flax yarn. And reel it onto bobbins. Then the yarn is then ready to be treated, dyed, and made into different types of textile products.

Properties of Linen Fabric:

Basic Properties of Linen Fabric:

  1. Good strength,
  2. Comfortable,
  3. Breathable,
  4. Twice as strong as cotton,
  5. Well, absorbent dyes and prints,
  6. Hand-washable or dry-cleanable,
  7. Crisp hand tailors,
  8. Well, lightweight to heavyweight,
  9. No static or pilling problems,
  10. Fair abrasion resistant, and so on.

Physical Properties of Linen:

a. Length18 to 30 inches
b. Tensile Strength5.5 to 6.5 gm/den
c. Elongation at break2.7 to 3.5 %
d. ColorYellowish to grey
e. LusterBrighter than cotton and slightly silky
f. Elastic RecoveryNot have enough elastic recovery properties like cotton
g. Specific Gravity1.50
h. Moisture Regain (MR %)10 to 12%. 
i. ResiliencyVery poor
j. Effect of HeatResistance to degradation by heat
k. Effect of SunLightNot affected by the sunlight

Chemical Properties of Linen:

a. Effect of AcidsHighly damaged by densified acids. But low dense acids don’t affect it if it is washed instantly after the application of acids.
b. Effects of AlkalisExcellent resistance to alkalis and also not affected by the strong alkalis.
c. Effects of Bleaching AgentsNot affected by Cool chlorine and hypo-chlorine bleaching agents.
d.  Effect of Organic SolventHigh resistance to normal cleaning solvents.
e. Effect of Micro OrganismMildews and bacteria can flourish in linen under hot and humid conditions.
f. Effects of InsectsDo not attack by moth grubs or beetles
g. DyesNot suitable to dye, but it can be dyed with direct and vat dyes.

What is linen fabric used for:

Linen Fabrics
Linen Fabrics

Linen fabric is basically used in producing apparel and home fashions.

Apparel: Shirt, pants, suits, jackets, skirts, separates, blouses, shirts, children’s wear etc.

Home Fashion: Bedsheets, pillowcases, dish towels, bath towels, tablecloths, upholstery luggage, aprons, wallpaper, curtains, draperies, upholstery, bedspreads, table linens, sheets, blankets, bags, napkins, diapers, etc.

 Advantages of Linen Fabric

  • Strong
  • Comfortable
  • Durable 
  • Versatile
  • Sustainable fashion
  • Suitable for every season
  • Breathable
  • Hypoallergenic
  • Eco Friendly
  • Absorbent
  • Dyes and prints well
  • Resists dirt and stains
  • Withstands high heat
  • Lint-free
  • No Ironing Required
  • Static Free
  • Hand-washable or dry-cleanable
  • Easy to Care for, and so on.

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