Fabric Manufacturing

What is 4 Way Stretch Fabric? Get Super Flexibility

4 Way Stretch Fabric

Sometimes we need clothing that might have extra flexibility to match our activity. Mostly in activewear, people are looking for stretch fabric. In this context, we will talk about 4 way stretch fabric.

Firstly its time to learn about

What is Stretch Fabric?

Stretch fabric is a particular type of fabric where it can be stretched horizontally and vertically. It can be a 2-way stretch or a 4-way stretch. When it’s only stretched horizontally or vertically, it will be called 2-way stretch fabric. Whenever The fabric gets stretched both horizontally and vertically is called 4 way stretched fabric.

  • 2-way stretch fabrics stretch in 1 direction, Horizontal or vertically stretched from selvage to selvage.
  • 4-way stretch fabrics stretch in 2 directions, Horizontal and vertical, from selvage to selvage.

What is 4 way Stretch Fabric?

4-way stretch fabric is an extendable fabric that can extend in both warp and weft directions. Simply stretchable horizontally and vertically, It provides freedom of movement to the wearer. This characteristics of fabric is mechanically or structurally enhanced to stretched at both approaches.

History

In the 1960s, DuPont corporation discovered a fabric manufacturing fabric that could stretch without damaging its structural integrity. They created stretch knit fabrics, stretchable and durable fabrics that could be distorted shape and return to their original form. 

What is 4 Way Stretch Fabric Made of?

4 way stretch can be made of both woven or knit structures. In woven, it has spandex on the wrap and weft. In knit fabric, the blended yarn is used to produce 4 way stretch fabric. Basically, 4 way stretch fabric is made of elastomeric fiber like spandex, lycra, or other blended elastic fiber. 

Types of 4-Way Stretch Fabric

According to composition four way stretch fabric could be classified into the following types:

Polyester Spandex

Polyester Spandex 4 Way Stretch Fabric
Polyester Spandex 4 Way Stretch Fabric

Fabric made of polyester is not stretchy at all. But today, most stretch fabrics are made of polyester. Polyester could be turned into a stretch fabric by blending spandex fibers with polyester fibers where Polyester 90-92% and 8-10% spandex fibers composition are used in the structure. 

Cotton Spandex

4 Way Stretch Cotton Spandex Fabric
4 Way Stretch Cotton Spandex Fabric

Like polyester, woven cotton does not have much natural stretch at all. It’s blended with spandex to produce the stretch property in fabric, where 95% cotton and 5% spandex are used to produce cotton spandex.

100% Spandex

4 Way Stretch 100% Spandex Fabric
4 Way 100% Spandex Fabric

Elastomeric fiber: Spandex or Lycra is crucial in producing stretch fabric. Sometimes 100% spandex is used to create super stretchy fabric. It is not something that you use for regular clothing. Mainly, 100% spandex is used to produce swimsuits, motorbike clothing, and other activewear.

Nylon Spandex

Nylon Spandex Stretch fabric
Nylon Spandex Stretch fabric

Nylon is not stretchy at all. But it is super durable. Nylon spandex fabric is perfect for adding flexibility and strength to clothing. Nylon spandex is made with 50% nylon and 50% spandex. It is used for swimwear, dancewear, costumes, and other types of activewear.

Rayon Spandex

4 Way Rayon Spandex Fabric
4 Way Rayon Spandex Fabric

Rayon is a regenerated fiber. This can be produced ways stretch fabric by adding spandex to the fabric structure where 95% rayon and 5% spandex are used to make rayon spandex. It is used for very breathable clothing. 

Stretch Cotton Poplin

Stretch Cotton Poplin - 4 Way Stretch Fabric
Stretch Cotton Poplin – 4 Way Stretch Fabric

Stretch Cotton Poplin fabric is Poplin originated as a type of woven fabric that is typically produced from cotton. It becomes stretchy by adding an elastic fiber in the warp or weft direction.

It is produced with 97% cotton and 3% spandex. Stretch Cotton Poplin fabric is soft, lightweight, and great for making activewear like a dance dress. 

Cotton Jersey Knit

Cotton Jersey Knit
Cotton Jersey Knit

Cotton Jersey Knit is very stretchy but soft. It is prevalent in low-maintenance fabric. It doesn’t wrinkle easily. It is excellent for producing dresses, t-shirts, and even household textiles like bed sheets.

Stretch Satin

Stretch Satin Fabric
Stretch Satin Fabric

Satin is not typically stretchy. Because it is made of synthetic fibers like polyester. Therefore, stretch satin fabric is generally made of nylon and spandex, which makes it mechanically four way stretch fabric.

Characteristics 

Elasticity

Good

Stretch ability

Supper Stretchy Fabric

Flexibility

High

Tensile Strength 

High

Heat Resistance

Good

Light Resistance

Good

Moisture Absorption

Poor

Corrosion resistance

Chemically Resistant to oxidants, Alkali, and inorganic acids.

Abrasion Resistance

High

Sustainability

Able to Prolong Use

Comfort

Very wearable and comfortable

Characteristics  of Four Way Strech Fabric

How can You Determine 2 way and 4-Way stretch?

You can test any fabric and find out if the fabric is 2 way or 4 ways stretched fabric.
1. Pull and distort the fabric from selvage to selvage. If it stretches well horizontally or vertically, it would be a 2-way stretch fabric.
2. Pull and distort the fabric horizontally and vertically. If the fabric stretches well, it would be a 4-way stretch fabric.

Difference between 2 way and 4 way stretch fabric

Applications

  • Active Wear
  • Athletic wear
  • Sports Wear
  • Swim Wear
  • Leggings and other workout clothing.

Final Words

4-way stretch fabric offers much freedom of motion and durability to a wearer. So stop thinking about your garment flexibility and try the 4-way Stretch Fabric Now.

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About Md Mahedi Hasan

This is Md Mahedi Hasan, a Top Rated Freelancer at Upwork, Level 01 Seller at Fiverr. Student of Textile Engineering College, Noakhali, in B.Sc. in Textile Engineering at Apparel Engineering Department. Highly passionate about content writing intextiles, apparel, fashion, and lifestyle-related niche. Have 3+ years of experience as a technical content writer.

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