It is hard to find a single person who has not used cotton fabric in his lifetime. It is undoubtedly a regular part of your wardrobe. Have you ever asked yourself how well you know this comfort and long-lasting fabric? If not, ask today, and get your answers checked by reading this article!

What is Cotton Fabric?

Cotton fabric refers to a natural product extracted from the cotton plant. The seeds of the plant of cotton are the main fabric composition or the cotton fibers. These fibers get spun into threads and make breathable cotton textiles. 

Cotton Fabric

Although cotton is available worldwide the plantations happen in a warmer climate, Cotton plants need a lot of sunlight. It is known as the popular staple textile of the fashion industry.

What is Cotton Fabric made of?

Cotton fabric is made of fibers obtained from the seeds of cotton plants. Once seeds mature, the seeds of cotton plants emerge as a round and fluffy formation.

cotton plants

Cotton is the most economically cultivated crop to make inexpensive products. But its dye-ability, absorption ability, and heat-retention ability make it suitable to wear at any time.

Manufacturing Process of Cotton Fabric

The manufacturing process of cotton fabric follows a couple of steps. For instance:

Step 1: Defoliation: It is the process where leaves are removed from cotton plants.

Step 2: Machine Harvesting: A single machine is required to harvest the cotton and remove contaminants associated with cotton.

Step 3: Separation: A cotton grin separates cotton seeds and removes dirt.

Step 4: Transfer: The cotton then gets transferred to a textile production industry.

Step 5: Carding: In this process, cotton fibers are formed into long strands.

Step 6: Spinning: Then these long strands are spun to create yarn.

Step 7: Dyeing: The cotton yarn then goes through chemical treatments for the dyeing process.

Step 8: Weaving: It is woven into a textile material type for its application in other areas.

Types of Cotton Fabric

Cotton fabric has several types. For instance:

  1. Short Staple Cotton: It is great for everyday use. But it is not as soft as regular ones.

  2. Long Staple Cotton: It is more luxurious than Short-staple cotton. There is also extra long staples cotton which is the most luxurious and soft type.

  3. Egyptian Cotton: The longest and the most luxurious variety among all types.

  4. Pima Cotton: A durable form of cotton and the finest type. Fibers of Pima cotton are extra soft and long. It is resistant to fading.

  5. Supima Cotton: A type of Pima cotton that is superior. 

  6. Upland Cotton: This cotton type has short fibers yet it makes up around 90% of the total cotton production.

Types of Cotton Fabric

Properties of Cotton Fabric

Fabric Name

Cotton Fabric

Fabric Construction

Organic fibers from the cotton seed plant

Fabric Breathability


Fabric Durability


Moisture-Wicking Ability


Prone to Pilling 


Heat Retention Ability




Water-Retention Ability



Apparel, Accessories, Upholstery, Home Decor

Characteristics of Cotton Fabric

Cotton fabric is distinguished for a number of features. These features are given below:

Soft to touch: The cotton fabric is soft to the touch as the cotton plant is soft and fluffy. That is why, it feels natural in the body.

Durability: The cellular structure of the cotton plant is strong. It creates a tough, stiff, and wear-and-tear-resistant fabric.

Characteristics of Cotton Fabric

Good Absorption Ability: Cotton fabric absorbs moisture, or anything very well.

Takes Dye Easily: Due to the absorbent nature of the cotton fabric, it takes dye very easily. Also, it can be made into color variety.

Application of Cotton Fabric

Cotton fabric has various applications to follow. For instance:

  1. Apparel: T-shirts, blue jeans, Warm-weather clothing, or any formal dresses

  2. Bath Linens: Bathrobes, Bathmats, Towels

  3. Beddings: Bedsheets, Blankets, duvets, upholstery, home decor

  4. Medical supplies


  • What is Cotton fabric good for?

Cotton fabric is extremely adaptable. That is what makes it ideal for breezy apparel like T-shirts and skirts, cozy bedding like sheets and blankets, and absorbent towels. It's soft, resilient, and environmentally friendly. 


Cotton is like the queen of all fabrics. It is extremely comfortable and cool, like wearing a fluffy cloud. It's good for your skin and the environment, and it's simple to wash. Cotton is versatile and may be used for everything from clothing and blankets to towels and decorations. So, the next time you need amazing clothes, remember cotton,  the environmentally responsible champion!

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Mohammad Mahedi Hasan

Senior Author

Mahedi Hasan, a Textile Engineer, as well as a Top Rated content writer at Upwork, Level 02 Seller at Fiverr, Level 02 Publisher at Ezoic. A passionate textile ad fashion content writer, fashion SEO expert, and fashion web designer. Having a B.Sc. in Textile Engineering from Textile Engineering College, Noakhali (TECN). Department is Apparel Engineering. Highly Experienced fashion writer for the last 3+ yrs. Established Textile Details Website website to enhance professional Fashion Blogging skills.