What Is Chambray Fabric?

Chambray is a plain woven natural fabric made of either cotton or linen. The plain weave pattern employs dyed yarn in the warp and raw white (undyed) yarn in the weft, creating a two-tone effect on the face and back of the fabric. Sometimes chambray may look similar to denim, particularly when used blue and black colored yarn, it's lighter and made by plain weave technique, unlike denim. Although chambray fabric is traditionally blue in color, nowadays it can be found in many fashionable colors.

What is the origin of Chambray Fabric?

The term "chambray" evolved from the term "cambric," which has been used to describe a wide range of fabrics for decades. Cambric got its name from the term "Cambric," which was founded near Cambridge, France. Chambray is a natural cloth manufactured from cotton or linen. This type of cloth, as well as other types of chamber fabric, has been produced for hundreds of years.


This cloth is both pleasing and dense, and in many respects, it resembles denim. On the other hand, Chambray is made with a distinct weaving pattern, making it slightly thinner and more breathable than denim. Chambray is a standard fabric used in a number of household textiles, and it is often used as a substitute for denim.

How Is Chambray Fabric Made?

The manufacturing process for chambray fabric is determined by the type of fiber used. Depending on the form of Chambray, it may be made of linen, cotton, or silk. However, in today's world, linen is scarcely used for this form of cloth, and the silk chamber has fallen out of favor. The method of making chambray fabric from cotton yarn will be discussed.

How Is Chambray Fabric Made

Cotton Fibers Harvest

The harvesting of the fibers that envelop the cotton seed is the first step in cotton development. They are either hand-picked or picked in groups of the cotton gin.

Separate the seeds from the fibers.

Following that, the seeds were

isolated from the fibers, which were packed into huge rectangular bales. The bales are then sent to a distribution plant, where they are opened and poured into mixing machines.

Carding and releasing the Bales

Carding is usually performed with a Bales-style automatic unit, but it may also be done by hand. The bales are then sent to a distribution plant, where they are released and poured into blending machines.


After that, the carded fabrics are combed and placed into spools. Finally, a manual or hand-powered spinning system is used to transform them into yarn. The yarn is prepared to be woven into chambray fabric at this stage.

Finishing and Weaving

Finally, an industrial or hand-powered spinning system is used to transform them into yarn. The yarn is ready to be woven into chambray fabric at this stage. The warp and weft threads alternate in an alternating fashion to create chambray cloth.

Chambray Fabric Properties




Linen, Cotton, Silk



Heat retention abilities


Moisture-wicking abilities


Comfort Level




Prone to bubbling




Washing temperatures

Hot or warm

Commonly used in

Shirts, Pants, Shorts, Shoe tops, Skirts, Dresses

Different Types of Chambray Fabric

Chambray fabric

While there is only one kind of chambray fabric, there are a few concepts that should be explained when discussing fabrics like Chambray:

  • Chambray: Any cloth woven in the conventional chambray pattern is referred to as Chambray.
  • Cambric: This cloth has a weave that is similar to Chambray, but it is thinner and more pleasing.
  • Batiste comes from the name "Baptiste," which is thought to be the name of the weaver who invented chambray cloth. Baptiste fabric is the same as cambric fabric.

What Is Chambray Fabric used for?

For several years, chambray fabric has been used to create seasonal or luxurious garments. They wore comparatively rugged clothes for most common jobs during the Renaissance Period and chambray clothing for religious rituals and festivals. The modern, floating use of chambray fabric as a substitute for denim would be noted. This cloth, which is often represented in the same blue hue as denim, is widely used in trousers, skirts, light jackets, and denim shoes.

Chambray fabric is used to produce a variety of domestic textiles in addition to clothes. This fabric can be used for upholstery in sofas and chairs, and it's also a common choice for bed sheets. Chambray is a smooth, breathable fabric that can also be woven into higher thread mats, making it an excellent sheet product.


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Mohammad Mahedi Hasan

Senior Author

Mahedi Hasan, a Textile Engineer, as well as a Top Rated content writer at Upwork, Level 02 Seller at Fiverr, Level 02 Publisher at Ezoic. A passionate textile ad fashion content writer, fashion SEO expert, and fashion web designer. Having a B.Sc. in Textile Engineering from Textile Engineering College, Noakhali (TECN). Department is Apparel Engineering. Highly Experienced fashion writer for the last 3+ yrs. Established Textile Details Website website to enhance professional Fashion Blogging skills.