The term CVC fabric refers to "Chief Value Cotton" fabrics produced by mixing cotton and polyester. Cotton is a naturally derived cloth, and CVC refers to the fabric created when it’s mixed with synthetic fibers such as polyester. Cotton typically makes up more than half of the combined mixture of polyester.

A CVC cloth may be composed of 55% or 80% cotton, with the remaining percentage representing the amount of polyester used. Textile manufacturers also mix polyester and cotton for a number of purposes, even though cotton is usually a favorite in terms of warmth. All of these reasons are to increase the durability of the clothing.

What is CVC fabric made of?

The best example of CVC fabric is 65/35 CVC fabric, which is read as Sixty-Five Thirty-Five CVC Fabric or Sixty-Five by Thirty-Five CVC Fabric. From 60% / 40% CVC, it means that the yarns in this fabric are made of 60% cotton and 40% polyester fiber.

Garments would be more flexible with more minor deformation and shrinkage if polyester was added to cotton cloth. This is also why CVC fabric is ideal for certain work clothes and school uniforms, for example.

CVC made school uniforms

Types of CVC Fabric

There are many kinds of CVC fabric found on the market based on its weaving and knitting structure. Here are some common types of CVC fabric below

  • CVC Twill Fabric
  • CVC Canvas
  • CVC Oxford
  • CVC Plain Pocketing
  • CVC Fleece
  • CVC Jersey
  • CVC Flannel
  • CVC Terry
  • CVC Denim
  • CVC Gabardine 


CVC fabric properties

Fabric Name

CVC [Chief Value Cotton]


55% Cotton + 45% Poly/ 60% Cotton + 40% poly/ 55% Cotton + 35% Poly + 10% Spandex





Appropriate use

Costumes, Dancewear, gymnastic and yoga, leggings, swimwear, bikini, tops, activewear, men's and women’s clothing

Care Instruction

Importance of CVC

CVC yarn is relatively cheaper than 100% cotton yarn, and CVC yarn uses more than cotton to increase the durability of the fabric. Although fabrics made from 100% cotton yarn are more comfortable and popular than fabrics made from CVC yarn, CVC fabrics are more popular due to the fact that 100% cotton fabric has more folds with less use and is more expensive.

CVC fabric

CVC fabrics are also preferred by garment producers because they are less costly to make. Cotton is a naturally produced fiber that costs more to manufacture than polyester, which is synthetic or human-made. Fabric sheets can be produced at a lower cost for the garment producer by mixing cotton and polyester.

Dyeing process

CVC fabric usually requires double part dyeing. Since this fabric has two types of yarn and the characteristics of the two types of yarn are different, this fabric has to be dyed in two steps while dyeing. The polyester part is the first dye at a temperature of 140ËšC. Some colors also stick to the cotton part.

Then at a temperature of 80 degrees Celsius, the color of the cotton part is reduced. Cotton part dyeing is then done at a temperature of 98ËšC-100ËšC. Thus it takes about 18 hours to complete the whole process. If this type of fabric is not dyed double part separately, then the material gets a marl effect.

CVC fabric VS Polyester-Cotton fabric

Customers who purchase clothing on a regular basis are aware that specific shirts are labeled as polyester-cotton or cotton-polyester. When the order of the two terms reverse, "polyester-cotton" and "cotton-polyester" become two separate fabrics.

"Polyester-cotton" fabric has a polyester content of more than 60% and a cotton content of less than 40%, also known as TC; "cotton-polyester" fabric has a cotton content of more than 60% and a polyester content of 40%, also known as TC. Below, also known as CVC.

Below is a table comparing CVC (Chief Value Cotton) fabric and Polyester-Cotton fabric:

Characteristic CVC Fabric Polyester-Cotton Fabric
Composition Primarily cotton with a small percentage of polyester Blend of cotton and polyester fibers
Cotton Content Higher cotton content, typically around 60-80% Varies, but usually a 50-50 blend or a different ratio
Polyester Content Lower polyester content, typically around 20-40% Varies, but usually a 50-50 blend or a different ratio
Strength Good strength due to the presence of cotton fibers Enhanced strength due to polyester fibers
Wrinkle Resistance Moderate wrinkle resistance Improved wrinkle resistance due to polyester
Shrinkage May experience some shrinkage, but less than 100% cotton Reduced shrinkage compared to 100% cotton
Breathability Good breathability due to cotton fibers Reduced breathability compared to 100% cotton
Durability Moderate durability Improved durability compared to 100% cotton
Moisture Wicking Moderate moisture-wicking properties Enhanced moisture-wicking properties due to polyester
Color Retention Good color retention Enhanced color retention due to polyester
Softness Soft and comfortable Comfortable, but potentially less soft than 100% cotton
Usage Casual wear, sportswear, and uniforms Versatile, used in various applications including casual and workwear
Cost Typically more affordable than 100% cotton Generally more affordable than 100% cotton



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Jahirul Islam

CEO & Chief Author

Hi, this is Md. Jahirul Islam, CEO and chief Author at (Textile Suppliers). I am a Textile Engineer having 6+ years of working experience in the field of textile and garments industries. I studied for a total of 10 years in textile technology including a master's degree from Wuhan Textile University, china. Currently, I am working as Country In-charge at Pengnuo Textile Technology Co, Ltd, a Chinese fabric manufacturing company. I enjoy sharing my practical knowledge by writing articles and creating content on textile and garment manufacturing technology. 


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