If you are an admirer of polo shirts, you must know what pique fabric is! Pique fabric is mostly found in cotton form because it is easy to care for and clean. You may not hear about pique fabric frequently as it is rare to find today. 

But thanks to some specialty products made of pique fabric that introduced us to this heritage fabric, In this article, you will learn about pique fabric, every small detail of pique fabric in short.

What is Pique Fabric?

Pique fabric refers to the knit-like fabric that features a pattern texture similar to a waffle or honeycomb. This subtle texture is different compared to regular fabrics because the texture adds depth to the basics. 

Pique Fabric

Pique fabric is durable. The reason behind its popularity is its great breathability and medium range of weight. People wear knit pique fabric as a polo shirt in the summertime because of its perfect blend of cotton and polyester fiber contents. 

What is Pique Fabric made of?

Pique fabric is mostly made of cotton, sometimes blended with polyester. But nowadays pique fabric is often made of 100% polyester with quick-dry feature.  The cotton gives the fabric the perfect amount of softness and breathability. It also makes the fabric an ideal material for warm climates. It is called ‘pineapple fabric’ due to its special texture.

Pique Fabric made of

The Lancashire cotton industry first created pique fabric in the 18th century under the name of Marcella. Though the special technique introduced by manufacturers back then is not present in today’s context, still pique becomes an immensely popular fabric for men’s section. 

Pique Fabric Manufacturing Process 

The manufacturing process of pique fabric involves classic processes. For instance, mercerization, dyeing, and finishing. An effective compaction is performed with a rubber belt and machines, and cylinder steaming at the entrance level. 

Pique Fabric Manufacturing Process 

Types of Pique Fabric

Based on different fibers, tightness, and construction, piquefabric’s types are different. Some types of pique fabric are:

Types of Pique Fabric

  1. Cotton pique fabric: The most common type of pique fabric. It has great breathability. The main application of this type is making polo shirts. Cotton pique fabric is used for a woven fabric covered with a tiny, textured pattern.

  2. Waffle pique fabric: It is small, square-patterned, and waffle resembled. This fabric is used in towels and bathrobes. The fabric is exceptionally comfort. It is soft and gentle to the skin.

  3. Birdseye Pique: This fabric features a diamond-shaped pattern and is applied to making dresses and golf shirts. It results in a small repetitive woven-like pattern. Birdseye pique is mostly used in summer.

  4. Honeycomb Pique: A unique hexagonal pattern fabric. Also, it has applications in casual and sportswear. It is also a classic polo knit with an application. It is flexible, durable, and breathable.

  5. Marcella Pique: Pique fabric in a stiffer form is used in formal dress shirts and bibs. It is a woven fabric constructed in a geometric structure with a quilted surface appearance. Marcella pique is sometimes called waffle pique fabric.

Properties of Pique Fabric

Fabric Name

Pique Fabric

Fabric Construction

Cotton, Polyester, and a blend of both

Fabric Durability


Fabric Breathability


Wrinkle-Resistance Ability





Sportswear, Dress, polo shirts, bibs, bathrobes

Characteristics of Pique Fabric

Pique fabric comes with a few exclusive features. Let’s look at the following key aspects:

  • Incredibly Breathable: Pique cotton has a geometric weave texture and nature. The knit pique also features waffle weaves. These features make it incredibly breathable. It is also comfortable to wear. Pique fabric has less contact with the skin and hence it feels lighter.

  • Moisture-Wicking Capabilities: Pique fabric wicks away moisture. It absorbs sweat and does not easily deform even after heavy washing. This function helps the wearer stay dry and comfortable during physical activity or in warm weather.

Characteristics of Pique Fabric

  • Comfortable: Cotton-mase pique fabric is comfortable. Pique fabric features a gentle touch and a soft and casual appearance. The type of fibers used, the weaving technique, and the fabric weight all have an impact on the comfort of piqué fabric. 

  • Durable: Pique is highly durable. It is because of its unique weaving technique. Piqué fabrics range from medium to heavyweight, depending on the type. The extra weight and thickness contribute to their durability.

Applications of Pique Fabric

Pique fabric is used in a variety of applications. For instance:

  1. Sportswear: Polo shirts, golf wear.

  2. Clothing: Short-sleeved shirt, waistcoats, summer jackets.

  3. Towel and Bathrobes

  4. Bibs: For black tie events


  • How to pronounce pique fabric?

When you are referring to pique fabric, you should pronounce it as pee-kay fabric.

  • Is Pique Fabric Good for Summer?

Pique fabric is a gem for the summer season. It has more loft compared to the flat knit fabric. It also has less contact with the skin. Besides, you will feel lighter and more comfortable during summer. Also, its waffle-like construction helps the pique knit in breathability. 


To conclude, pique fabric is mostly known as knit fabric with various patterns of fine ribbing. It is perfect for sportswear and office wear. Pique-made shirts are a complete wardrobe staple that you are likely to add in the form of polo shirts! If you are looking for formal attire to avoid being buttoned up, go for pique fabric any time! Let us know how many pique-made items you own.





Comments - 01



This article provides a comprehensive overview of pique fabric, covering its properties, manufacturing process, types, and applications. It effectively highlights the versatility and durability of pique fabric, making it suitable for a wide range of uses, from sportswear to formal attire. The inclusion of FAQs adds practical information, enhancing the reader's understanding of this fabric. Overall, it's a valuable resource for anyone interested in learning more about pique fabric and its various characteristics.

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Jahirul Islam

CEO & Chief Author

Hi, this is Md. Jahirul Islam, CEO and chief Author at (Textile Suppliers). I am a Textile Engineer having 6+ years of working experience in the field of textile and garments industries. I studied for a total of 10 years in textile technology including a master's degree from Wuhan Textile University, china. Currently, I am working as Country In-charge at Pengnuo Textile Technology Co, Ltd, a Chinese fabric manufacturing company. I enjoy sharing my practical knowledge by writing articles and creating content on textile and garment manufacturing technology. 

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