Fabric Manufacturing

What is microfiber fabric? Types, Characteristics, Applications

What is microfiber fabric

In the era of nanotechnology, we notice the word microfiber everywhere from furniture to sportswear. But what is microfibre fabric, exactly? What makes microfiber fabric so versatile? Let’s have a look at all the details about the microfiber.

what is microfiber fabric?

The word micro indicates Micron wherein nanotechnology refers to 10−6, a micrometer. And Microfibre means extremely thin synthetic fiber. A microfibre must be finer than a denier of yarn to be exact. The fabric made with microfiber is popular as a microfiber fabric. There are several types of microfiber in the market such as nylon, polyester, Kevlar, polyamides, and so on. However, conventional microfiber is composed of polyester and polyamide.

Brief History

World’s scientists began experimenting in the 1950s, with ultra-fine fibers, then the production of this microfiber fabric actually began. In the late 1970s, microfiber fabric came to lead in textile applications, and it continued expanding until 1990. After 1990 several companies commercially developed microfiber to make easy-care fabrics for consumers. Since then, acceptance of the microfiber fabric has increased over the decades. Now, microfiber fabric is one of the largest segments of the multi-billion-dollar apparel industry.

Types of microfiber fabric:

There are different types of microfiber fabric made for various applications. Here are some most popular microfiber fabrics.

Plain and Twill Woven Microfiber: The most common woven polyester microfiber fabrics are made using plain, twill, and satin weave. The weight varies from 95 to 145 GSM. But the most common weight is 100 to 120 GSM used to make swimshorts.  Lightweight woven polyester microfiber is an excellent choice for swimwear thanks to its added advantage of wicking moisture from the skin. This excellent character makes it most suitable to use in the summer season.

Microsuede Fabric: Microsuede fabric is a kind of plain polyester microfiber fabric but it has a soft and smooth surface like suede and velvet. This kind of fabric has a noticeable low pile with almost the same feel as real suede in a cheaper option. It’s more resistant to wear and stain than genuine suede. Microfiber suede can be woven, non-woven, and knitted structure. It’s ideal for clothing, upholstery furniture, curtain, and footwear.

Microfleece Fabric: Microfleece is a type of knitted fleece fabric made of polyester microfiber. The main difference between fleece and microfleece lies in weight. Usually, fleece with less than 200 GSM is considered to be microfleece. It’s super soft and highly absorbent which makes it ideal for baby clothing, especially in diaper lining. This trendy soft fleece is widely used in making blankets, diapers, sanitary products, sweaters, and cleaning clothes.

Microterry Clothing: One of the most popular microfiber fabrics is terry microfiber which features the terry towel weave, knitted structure. Unlike regular terry towels made of other materials, micro terry is made of 100% polyester microfiber. The weight and pile height may vary depending upon the end use. It has high absorbency, making it suitable for making cleaning products like wipers and robes.

Characteristics of microfiber fabric

Microfiber is 30x finer than cotton, 10x finer than silk, 1/5th of human hair and invisible to the human naked eye. Consequently, microfiber fabric has versatile characteristics. Some of them are as follow:

  1. Exceptional strength, though the filaments are extremely fine.
  2. Improved breathability.
  3. Very soft Luxurious.
  4. Excellent drape.
  5. Produce comfort with the blend of natural fibers.
  6. Non-abrasive, Hygienic, Durable.
  7. Absolutely appearance retention.
  8. Super absorbability, up to 25 times of its weight.
  9. Could be made fabric windproof and water resistant.
  10. Super lightweight and so on.

What is microfiber fabric used for?

Microfiber fabric is used for its desirable properties such as soft, absorbent, as well as diverse applications. Microfiber-made fabric is excellent for clothing to cleaning fabric, furniture to sports gear. Microfiber can Be able to hold up to 7x its own weight in wet. The wet-absorbing quality makes microfibre a popular choice in the athletic wear manufacturing industry. Most of the common application of microfibre fabric is producing cleaning products; especially cleaning fabric and mops.

The most powerful application of microfibre is, it could pick up bacteria from dirty surfaces. Consequently, microfibres fabric is often used for medical textile purposes. It can attract and rub bacteria & viruses from polluted surfaces. In this way, microfibre fabric can effectively catch and destroy bacteria. The use of microfiber fabric in the kitchen and hospital reduces the risk of germs and illnesses being spread. The tiny microfibers are non-abrasive, it could be used without damaging any surfaces even when used with hard cleaning solutions.

When microfiber used to manufacture regular apparel and furniture, the fibres wouldn’t split. Because it doesn’t need to be absorbent. It is simply soft, and comfortable. It could be used to create tough, but soft materials for clothing such as suits, jackets, skirts, and so on. Moreover, the ability to forge leather makes it a popular choice for the fashion industry.

Microfibre fabric Advantages

Some of the outstanding advantages of microfibers the following:

  1. Ultra-finer fabric like the most delicate silks or suede.
  2. Strong, Durable as well as Cost Efficient
  3. Soft to the touch
  4. Having Light Weight and High Wet Absorption properties
  5. Resists Shrinking and Stretching
  6. Easily could be treated with anti-bacterial chemicals
  7. Wrinkle and Lint Free
  8. Leaves no dust particles when rubbed with any surface
  9. Super washed fabric, almost up to 500 times.
  10. Highly comfortable with insulation and breathability.
  11. No Fading in Color
  12. Long-lasting fabric
  13. Ease to care, etc.

Most artificial fabrics may not seem as eco-friendly as natural fabrics. But it could be called very sustainable. Case it doesn’t need so water and chemicals during its production. Absolutely no pesticides are used and the dyeing methods never require huge water. But comparatively, cotton, the most popular fiber on the earth, requires a huge amount of water and is needed in the growing as well as dyeing process and the other fiber also. In conclusion, it is super clear that microfiber will win in the following decades.

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